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JAMB Government Syllabus 2021 and Recommended Texts for UTME

JAMB Government Syllabus 2021 and Recommended Texts for UTME ,JAMB Government Syllabus 2021 and Recommended Texts for UTME ,JAMB Government Syllabus 2021 and Recommended Texts for UTME

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The 2021 JAMB Government Syllabus which is aimed at preparing candidates for the Board’s Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) is now out. Continue reading to see the complete topics and recommended texts in the JAMB 2021 Government syllabus on this post.

In the 2021 JAMB Use of Government Syllabus, its course objectives are as follows:

1. Appreciate the meaning of government;

2. Analyse the framework and specify the institutions of government;

3. Appreciate the basic principles of democratic governance and their application in Nigeria;

4. Explain the concept of citizenship and define the duties and obligations of a citizen;

5. Appreciate the process of political development in Nigeria;

6. Evaluate the political development and problems of governance in Nigeria;

7. Understand the determinants and dynamics of foreign policy as it relates to Nigeria;

8. Assess the role of Nigeria as a member of the international community and the workings of international organizations.

NOTE: This Syllabus is divided into Four Consecutive parts.

Complete Topics in JAMB 2021 Government Syllabus

Part I: Elements of Government

1. Basic concepts in government

Topics:

  • Power, authority, legitimacy, sovereignty;
  • Society, state, nation, nation-state;
  • Political processes; political socialization, political participation, political culture.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Identify the fundamental concepts in governance;
  • Analyse various political processes;

2. Forms of government

Topics:

Monarchy, aristocracy, oligarchy, autocracy, republicanism, democracy, definitions, features, merits and demerits.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Distinguish between different forms of government.

3. Arms of government

Topics:

  • The legislature – types, structure, functions, powers;
  • The executive – types, functions, powers;
  • The judiciary – functions, powers, components.
  • Their relationships

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Identify the duties and obligations of the various arms of government and their agencies;
  •  Relate each arm to its functions;
  • Appreciate how these arms interrelate.

4. Structures of governance

Topics:

  • Unitary – features, reasons for adoption, merits and demerits
  • Federal – features, reasons for adoption, merits and demerits
  • Confederal – features, reasons for adoption, merits and demerits.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Compare the various political structures of governance.

5. Systems of governance

Topics:

Presidential, parliamentary and monarchical.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Distinguish between the different systems of governance.

6. Political ideologies

Topics:

  • Communalism, feudalism, capitalism, socialism, communism, totalitarianism, fascism, nazism.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Differentiate between the major political ideologies;
  • Contrast modes of production

7. Constitution

Topics:

  • Meaning, sources, functions, types – written, unwritten, rigid and flexible.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Define and identify sources and functions of constitutions;
  • Compare the nature of constitutions.

8. Principles of democratic government

Topics:

  • Ethics and accountability in public office, separation of power, checks and balances, individual and collective responsibility, constitutionalism, rule of law, representative government.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Identify the principles of democratic government;
  • Determine the application of these principles;

9. Processes of legislation

Topics:

Legislative enactments – acts, edicts, bye-laws, delegated legislation, decrees.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Analyse the processes involved in the making of laws.
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10. Citizenship

Topics:

  • Meaning, types;
  • Citizenship rights;
  • Dual citizenship, renunciation, deprivation;
  • Duties and obligations of citizens;
  • Duties and obligations of the state.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Differentiate between the various methods of acquiring citizenship;
  • Specify the rights and responsibilities of a citizen;
  • Assess the obligations of the state.

11. The electoral process

Topics:

  • Suffrage – evolution, types;
  • Election – types, ingredients of free and fair election;
  • Electoral system – types, advantages and disadvantages of each;
  • Electoral commission – functions, problems.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Distinguish the different types of franchise
  • Identify and explain the types of electoral systems
  • Analyse the various electoral processes.

12. Political parties and party systems

Topics:

  • Political parties – definition, organization, functions.
  • Party systems – definition, organization, functions.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Assess the role of political parties;
  • Distinguish between types of party systems.

13. Pressure groups

Topics:

  • Definition, types, functions and modes of operation.
  • Differences between pressure groups and political parties.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Evaluate the functions and the modus operandi of pressure groups;
  • Distinguish between pressure groups and political parties.

14. Public opinion

Topics:

  • Meaning, formation and measurement.
  • Functions and limitations.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Compare methods of assessing public opinion;
  • Assess the functions of public opinion;
  • Analyse the limitations of public opinion.

15. The civil service

Topics:

  • Definition, characteristics, functions, structure, control and problems.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Analyse the significance of civil service in governance.

Part II: Political Development in Nigeria

1. Pre-colonial polities

Topics:

Pre-jihad hausa, emirate, tiv, igbo, yoruba

  • Their structural organization;
  • The functions of their various political institutions.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Appreciate the effectiveness of the pre-colonial political systems;
  • Compare pre-colonial systems of governance.

2. Imperialist penetration

Topics:

  • The british process of acquisition – trade, missionary activities, company rule, crown colony, protectorate;
  • The british colonial administrative policy – direct and indirect rule;
  • The french colonial administrative policy – assimilation and association;
  • Impact of british colonial rule- economic, political, socio-cultural;
  • Comparison of british and french colonial administration.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Trace the processes of imperialist penetration;
  • Assess the impact of british and french policies;
  • Distinguish between british and french colonial practices.

3. Process of decolonization

Topics:

  • Nationalism – meaning, types;
  • Nationalist movements – emergence, goals, strategies;
  • Nationalist leaders – herbert macaulay, nnamdi azikiwe, obafemi awolowo, ahmadu bello, ladipo solanke, aminu kano, j. S. Tarka, tafawa balewa and others;
  • Emergence of nationalist parties;
  • Influence of external factors.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Evaluate the process of decolonization;
  • Assess the roles of nationalist leaders and parties;
  • Assess the impact of external forces and ideas (pan-africanism, back-to-africa movements, second world war etc).

4. Constitutional development in Nigeria

Topics:

  • Hugh clifford constitution (1922)
  • Arthur richards constitution (1946)
  • John macpherson constitution (1951)
  • Oliver lyttleton constitution (1954)
  • Independence constitution (1960)
  • their features, merits and demerits.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Compare the various constitutional developments.

5. Post-independence constitutions

Topics:

1963, 1979, 1989 and 1999- characteristics and shortcomings.

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Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Assess the workings of the various constitutions.

6. Institutions of government in the post-independence Nigeria

Topics:

  • The legislative – structure, functions and working.
  • The executive – structure, functions and workings.
  • The judiciary – structure, functions and workings.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Evaluate the operations of the arms of government and their agencies, e.g the civil service, armed forces, police, courts and others.

7. Public commissions established by the 1979 and subsequent constitutions

Topics:

  • The civil service commission, the public complaints commission, electoral commissions, national boundary commission and others – objectives functions and problems.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Evaluate the operations of public commissions;
  • Assess the problems of the public commissions and their constraints.

8. Political parties and party politics in post-independence Nigeria

Topics:

  • First republic
  • Second republic
  • Third republic
  • Fourth republic – evolution, membership spread, structure etc.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Contrast political processes in the republics;
  • Evaluate the ideologies, structure and composition of the political parties.

9. The structure and workings of Nigerian federalism

Topics:

  • Rationale for a federal system;
  • Tiers of government and their relationship;
  • Creation of states – 1963, 1967, 1976, 1987, 1991, 1996;
  • Problems of nigerian federalism – census, revenue allocation, conflicts etc. Solutions e.g. Federal character, etc.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Examine the workings of nigerian federalism;
  •  Identify its problems;
  • Evaluate the corrective measure adopted.

10. Public corporations and parastatals

Topics:

  1. Definition, types, purpose and functions;

    b. Finance, control and problems;

    c. Deregulation, privatization, commercialization – objectives, features, merits and demerits;

    d. Comparison between public corporations and parastatals.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Examine the operations of public corporations and parastatals;
  • Identify the processes involved in privatization and commercialization;
  • Assess the economic importance of privatization and commercialization.

11. Local government

Topics:

  • Local government administration prior to 1976;
  • Features of local government reforms (1976, 1989) – structure, functions, finance and inter-governmental relations;
  • Traditional rulers and local governments;
  • Problems of local government administration in nigeria.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Trace the evolution and structure of local government;
  • Identify the major problems faced by local governments.

12. The military in Nigerian politics

Topics:

  • Factors that led to military intervention;
  • Structure of military regimes;
  • Impact of military rule – political, e.g creation of states, the introduction of unitary system (unification decree no. 34) etc. Economic, e.g sap, etc.
  • Processes of military disengagement.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Evaluate the reasons given for military intervention;
  • Assess the achievements of military rule;
  • Determine the conditions that necessitated withdrawal from governance.

Part III: Foreign Policy and Nigeria’s Relations with the International Community

1. Foreign policy

Topics:

  • definition, purpose, determining factors; formulation and implementation.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Define foreign policy, identify and explain its determinants

2. Nigeria’s foreign policy

Topics:

  • Relations with major powers;
  • Relations with developing countries, e.g the technical aid corps (tac), etc.
  • Nigeria’s non-alignment policy.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Identify the major objectives of Nigeria’s foreign policy.
  • Analyse Nigeria’s non-aligned posture.
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3. Relations with African countries

Topics:

  • Africa as the “centre piece” of Nigeria’s foreign policy – guiding principles, implementation and implications;
  • Nepad – origin, objectives and implications.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Evaluate the role of Nigeria in continental affairs;
  • Assess the role of nepad in developing africa.

4. Nigeria in international organizations

Topics:

  • The united nations;
  •  The commonwealth;
  • The organization of African unity;
  • The African union;
  •  The economic community of west african states (ecowas);
  • The organization of petroleum exporting countries (opec).

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Analyse the dynamics of nigeria’s involvement in international organizations;
  • Assess their contribution to the development of nigeria.

Part IV: International Organizations

1. International organizations

Topics:

  • Ecowas;
  • Oau, au;
  • Commonwealth;
  • Opec;
  • Uno;
  • African petroleum producers association;
  • origin, objectives, structure, functions, achievements, problems and prospects of these organizations.

Objectives:

Candidates should be able to:

  • Evaluate the operations of these international organizations;
  • Assess the role of these organizations in world affairs;
  • Appreciate the challenges of these organizations and how they can be overcome.

Recommended Textbooks from JAMB Government Syllabus

Now you have gotten the complete JAMB Government Syllabus above. Go through the JAMB recommended textbooks below.

1. Adigwe, F (1985) Essentials of Government for West Africa, Ibadan: University Press Plc.

2. Anifowose, R and Enemuo, F. C (eds)(1999) Elements of Politics, Lagos; Malthouse Press Limited.

3. Appadorai, A. (1978) The Substance of Politics, London: Oxford University Press.

4. Ball, A. R. (1983) Modern Politics and Government, London: Macmillan.

5. Ofoegbu, R. (1977) Government for the Certificate Year, London: George Allen and Unwin.

6. Olawale, J. B (1987) New Topics on Ordinary Level Government, Ilesha: Jola Publishing.

7. Oyediran, O. Nwosu, H., Takaya, B., Anifowoshe, R., Femi, B., Godwill, O. and Adigun, A. (1990) Government for Senior Secondary Schools, Books 1, 2 and 3, Ibadan: Longman.

8. Oyeneye, I., Onyenwenu, M. and Olusunde, B. E. (2000) Round-Up Government for Senior Secondary School Certifcate Examination: A Complete Guide, Ibadan: Longman.

9. Oyovbaire, S., Ogunna, A. E. C., Amucheazi, E. C., Coker, H. O. and Oshuntuyi, O. (2001) Countdown to Senior Secondary Certificate Examination: Government, Ibadan: Evans.

We hope this article has been of help. Give us your opinion in the comment box below.

For more information on the 2021 JAMB Government Syllabus Syllabus, don’t hesitate to send us an email. Also, do well to share this article with your family and friends. Best of Luck.

CSN Team

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